Pazartesi, Mayıs 20, 2024
Ana Sayfa KÖŞE YAZISI Great Leader Heydar Aliyev’s strategy of national state building

Great Leader Heydar Aliyev’s strategy of national state building

To write the life history of some people, it is necessary to write the history of a nation as a whole. Heydar Aliyev is one of these outstanding people.
Heydar Aliyev’s unparalleled service and honorable leadership in the struggle for independence of Azerbaijan is clear to the whole nation and its effects still remain. Thanks to Heydar Aliyev’s policy, the people of Azerbaijan live and will live in prosperity and well-being. Heydar Aliyev was a far-sighted and decisive politician, and he proved this foresight in the years 1969-1982, when he led the country for the first time. During the first period of our great leader’s leadership – in the late 60s, Azerbaijan was experiencing a period of economic and cultural decline. At that time, precisely with the arrival of Heydar Aliyev, there was a period of rapid rise, development of the national spirit and progress of spirituality in all spheres of social life. In 1969, Heydar Aliyev was elected the secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan in Azerbaijan, and during this period he defined the paths leading to the future of Azerbaijan. For this reason, this period is
Domestic Policy
In the report of Heydar Aliyev, the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan, to the XXVIII congress of the Republican Party organization (March 10-12, 1971), an in-depth analysis of the situation in the republic was given. A number of serious deficiencies and errors were revealed in the experience of economic and cultural construction, in the selection and deployment of personnel. The internal policy of the Great Leader was multifaceted and covered areas such as industry, science, agriculture, and culture. In 1970-1985, during a historically short period of time, hundreds of plants, factories, and production areas were established throughout the territory of the republic. 213 large industrial enterprises were launched. According to many important production areas, Azerbaijan occupied one of the leading places in the Soviet Union. 350 products produced in Azerbaijan were exported to 65 countries of the world.
In addition, due to Heydar Aliyev’s special attention to the field of education, 800 young people left the country every year. In the late 1970s, at the initiative of Heydar Aliyev, the awarding of the State prize to the four-volume “Modern Azerbaijani language” textbook was the result of great care for the Azerbaijani language, real leadership attention, and filial love.
Foreıgn Polıcy
In the first period of the leadership of Heydar Aliyev, the genius son of the people, he conducted a far-sighted foreign policy as well as a successful domestic policy. During these years, the claims of Armenians to our lands, Karabakh, have also been prevented. Heydar Aliyev first wanted to regulate relations with neighboring states. Therefore, he created economic and political cooperation between the neighboring countries and Azerbaijan. This was one of the important steps in the foreign policy of young Azerbaijan. Today, it can be said with complete certainty that Azerbaijan’s state sovereignty and economic independence, systematically increasing foreign economic relations, and deeper integration into the world economy are based on the potential of the national economy, which was founded in 1970-1985. (Heydar Aliyev) Great leader appointed Azerbaijani personnel to high positions, made radical changes in law enforcement and party bodies. All Dashnak forces that created enmity were involved in the crime.
The second period when Heydar Aliyev led Azerbaijan
The years between the two periods of Heydar Aliyev’s leadership of Azerbaijan were the most severe period of recession and hardship in our history.In particular, the 1990-1993 years of Azerbaijan’s history remained in the memory of the people as the most severe disaster years, the “life or death” period. “The Popular Front regime of Azerbaijan, which had no management skills, faced the danger of destruction, especially the traitors and hypocritical leaders who were sold to Moscow were destroying the country.On October 3, 1993, Heydar Aliyev was elected the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan as a result of a national vote. Since Heydar Aliyev came to power,
Domestic Policy
At the beginning of the 90s of the last century, Azerbaijan was faced with a number of threats, and Heydar Aliyev’s return to power caused radical changes in the country. The establishment of independent state institutions in Azerbaijan, the creation of a democratic, legal state based on international norms, the preservation of our national, spiritual and moral values, the further enrichment of these values with universal ideas, the adoption of our first National Constitution, the formation of a civil society and the determination of a new economic course are precisely the successful solutions. It is the services of our national leader Heydar Aliyev.
During his first presidency, Heydar Aliyev carried out the first reforms in order to create a legal, democratic and secular state. On November 12, 1995, the Constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan was adopted. Also, the first parliamentary elections were held on November 12 of that year. On February 6, 1996, by order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev, November 12 was declared as the Constitution Day. Starting from that year, November 12 is celebrated as the Constitution Day of the Republic of Azerbaijan.In 1994, declaring the manat as the only means of payment in the country led to curbing inflation. In 1998, the judiciary was reformed and the State Committee on Women’s Issues was established. These steps, especially the adoption of the Constitution, were an important step in building a democratic state and civil society in Azerbaijan. In 1996, the Legal Reforms Committee was established. And for the first time in the East, the death penalty was abolished in Azerbaijan in February 1998. Also, as a result of judicial reform, the Constitutional Court was established. As a result, as a result of all these reforms, the country was brought out of a deep crisis. On October 11, 1998, presidential elections were held in Azerbaijan, and the great leader Heydar Aliyev was re-elected as the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan after receiving 76.1 percent of the votes. With that, the second period of his leadership in Azerbaijan began. Of course, it was not without reason that the people of Azerbaijan renewed their trust in the great leader Heydar Aliyev.
Foregin Policy
On September 20, 1994, the “Agreement of the Century” was signed. With this event, the foundation of Azerbaijan’s new oil strategy was laid. 13 famous oil companies from Azerbaijan, USA, Great Britain, Russia, Turkey, Norway, Japan and Saudi Arabia participated in the “Contract of the Century”. Finally, in 1997, on the basis of this contract, the initial production of oil was started. In 1994, Heydar Aliyev spoke at the 49th session of the UN General Assembly and in 2000 at the last summit of the millennium. GUAM (Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Moldova) was established in 1997. Thanks to all these reforms and foresight of Heydar Aliyev, Azerbaijan was accepted as a member of the Council of Europe in 2001.
Our national leader Heydar Aliyev has not remained indifferent to the issue of Nagorno-Karabakh, which is very important for our country. In May 1994, as a result of negotiations conducted by the OSCE and other mediators, a ceasefire was reached between Azerbaijan and In December 1993, Heydar Aliyev’s first official visit to Europe was to France. During the visit, the national leader signed the Paris Charter for Europe and Azerbaijan joined the Paris Charter.As for foreign economic relations, Azerbaijan has become a transit country by implementing the Europe-Caucasus-Asia (TRASEKA) transport corridor project. On the initiative of Heydar Aliyev, the “International Conference dedicated to the restoration of the historical Silk Road” was held in Baku on September 8-9, 1998, with the joint decision of the European Union Commission and the countries participating in the TRASEKA program.
In 2001, agreements were signed with Azerbaijan, Turkey, and Georgia.The goal was to export the country’s gas to the world market through the Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum gas pipeline. Today, dozens of political parties operate freely in the country. The New Azerbaijan Party, founded by Heydar Aliyev, became the ruling party and the leading political force of the society.
“Heydar Aliyev is one of the very few historical figures whose life and activities provide a basis for giving him the importance of leadership from three perspectives. Heydar Aliyev is one of the very few personalities in history who bore the name of a founding leader, fulfilled the mission of a savior leader, and received the status of a national leader of the people. This became possible thanks to him, when the Azerbaijani people needed development and evolution, Heydar Aliyev fulfilled his mission of construction.”
President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev continues the path of Heydar Aliyev. Ilham Aliyev actively participated in the development and continuation of the oil strategy founded by Heydar Aliyev, in the success of this policy in the world, in the preparation of various projects in this field, in the fulfillment of difficult diplomatic tasks and played an important role in the flow of investments to the country.
Ilham Aliyev successfully defends the interests of Azerbaijan in the modern world that is changing every day, in the era of globalization, at international meetings and high-level negotiations. Thanks to the success of his foreign policy, international and regional problems are solved at a higher level. That is why, due to its decisive position, the Azerbaijani Army ended the 30-year occupation. The enemy’s army was defeated and thanks to the “Iron Fist” operation, the Victory Army of Azerbaijan gained victory.
Unconditional removal of Armenian aggressors from Azerbaijani lands and return of more than 1 million refugees to their native lands was the main task of President Ilham Aliyev’s foreign policy. With his wise, determined and courageous policy, the head of the country brought his native people to a historic victory in this field as well! Our President solved the “Nagorno-Karabakh problem”! He removed the claims of the Armenians regarding the status of Nagorno-Karabakh from the agenda and destroyed their “Artsakh” project!


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